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Tsyganenko Geomagnetic Field Model and GEOPACK libraries

CCMC Services available for Tsyganenko Magnetic Field
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Model Developer(s)
Nikolai Tsyganenko
University of St.-Petersburg

Model Description
The Tsyganenko models are semi-empirical best-fit representations for the magnetic field, based on a large number of satellite observations (IMP, HEOS, ISEE, POLAR, Geotail, GOES, etc). The models include the contributions from major external magnetospheric sources: ring current, magnetotail current system, magnetopause currents, and large-scale system of field-aligned currents.

The T89 model was primarily developed as a simple empirical approximation for the global magnetosphere, binned into several intervals of the disturbance index Kp. The T96 model has an explicitly defined realistic magnetopause, large-scale Region 1 and 2 Birkeland current systems, and IMF penetration across the boundary. The model was parameterized by the solar wind ram pressure, Dst-index, and transverse components (By and Bz) of the IMF. The T02 model represents the variable configuration of the inner and near magnetosphere for different interplanetary conditions and ground disturbance levels. It also takes into account the observed dawn-dusk asymmetry of the inner magnetosphere due to the partial ring current that develops during magnetospheric disturbances. The TS05 model is a dynamical model of the storm-time geomagnetic field in the inner magnetosphere, based on space magnetometer data taken during 37 major events in 1996-2000 and concurrent observations of the solar wind and IMF.

The Tsyganenko model suite also includes GEOPACK library with 20 FORTRAN subroutines. The GEOPACK-2008 library includes subroutines for the current (IGRF) and past (DGRF) internal geomagnetic field models, a group of subroutines for transformations between various coordinate systems, a field line tracer, and two magnetopause model codes.

CCMC Web interface for instantaneous calculation of external and internal geomagnetic field along a field line and at a specified point is based on T96 and Geopack08.

Model Input
T89, T96, T02, TS05 use the solar wind ram pressure (nPa), Dst index (nT), IMF By and Bz components (nT), the Earth's dipole tilt angle (radians), and X,Y,Z - GSM position (Re).

Input for the T02 and TS05 models also includes special indices, quantifying the intensity of the solar wind driving of the magnetosphere during the preceding 1-hour interval (T02) or during the entire period from the beginning of a storm (TS05). More information can be found at Nikolai Tsyganenko website.

When using the web interface for instantaneous calculation of external and internal geomagnetic field along a field line and at the specified point the user sets the date and time (year, day of the year, UT hour, minute, and second).

Model Output
The primary output from Tsyganenko models are geomagnetic field components at the selected point in 3D space in GSM coordinates.

References and relevant publications
Tsyganenko N. A.. and M. I. Sitnov, Magnetospheric configurations from a high-resolution data-based magnetic field model, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A06225, DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012260, 2007.
Tsyganenko N. A., A model of the near magnetosphere with a dawn-dusk asymmetry - 1. Mathematical Structure, J. Geophys.Res., 107, A8, DOI: 10.1029/2001JA000219, 2002.
Tsyganenko N. A., A model of the near magnetosphere with a dawn-dusk asymmetry - 2. Parameterization and fitting to observations, J. Geophys.Res., 107, A7, DOI: 10.1029/2001JA000220, 2002.
Tsyganenko N. A., Effects of the solar wind conditions on the global magnetospheric configuration as deduced from data-based field models, in European Space Agency Publication ESA SP-389, p.181, 1996.
Tsyganenko N. A., Modeling the Earth's magnetospheric magnetic field confined within a realistic magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 5599-5612, doi: 10.1029/94JA03193, 1995.
Tsyganenko N. A., A Magnetospheric magnetic field model with a warped tail current sheet, Planet. Space Sci., 37, 5-20, DOI: 10.1016/0032-0633(89)90066-4, 1989.
Tsyganenko N. A., Global quantitative models of the geomagnetic field in the cislunar magnetosphere for different disturbance levels, Planet. Space Sci. 35, 1347-1358, 1987.
Russell C. T., Geophysical coordinate transformations, Cosmic Electrodyn., v.2, pp. 184-196, 1971.

Relevant links
Model Documentation
Nikolai Tsyganenko website
SPENVIS web page
Educational web resource, developed by David Stern

Source Code Available for download:

CCMC Contact(s)


Developer Contact(s)


National Aeronautics and Space Administration Air Force Materiel Command Air Force Office of Scientific Research Air Force Research Laboratory Air Force Weather Agency NOAA Space Environment Center National Science Foundation Office of Naval Research

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