Coupled Thermosphere/Ionosphere Plasmasphere (CTIP) Model
Run Request Procedures
|View Ionosphere Models Simulation Results|
- A global thermosphere model;
- A high latitude ionosphere model;
- A mid and low-latitude ionosphere/plasmasphere model.
All three model components are run concurrently and are fully coupled with respect to energy, momentum, and continuity.
The thermospheric code simulates the time-dependent global structure of the wind vector, temperature, and density of the neutral thermosphere by numerically solving the non-linear primitive equations of momentum, energy, and continuity on a 3D spherical polar grid rotating with the Earth. The latitude resolution is 2 deg, longitude resolution is 18 deg, and the vertical direction is divided into 15 levels in logarithm of pressure from lower boundary of 1 Pa at 80 km altitude. The equation of motion includes Coriolis effects, horizontal pressure gradients, horizontal and vertical viscosity, and ion drag. e energy equation describes horizontal and vertical advection of energy, horizontal and vertical heat conduction by both molecular and turbulent diffusion, heating by solar UV and EUV radiation, cooling by infrared radiation, and ionospheric Joule heating. The continuity equation incorporates three major species: atomic oxygen, molecular nitrogen and molecular oxygen and include chemistry, transport and the mutual diffusion between species.
The high-latitude ionosphere convection model calculates field-aligned ion velocity components from the field-aligned momentum equation. The model includes chemistry, gravity, and ion-ion and ion-neutral collisional drag. The ionosphere is computed self-consistently with the thermosphere pole-ward of 23 deg latitude in both hemispheres. Transport under the influence of magnetospheric electric fields is explicitly treated, assuming ExB drifts and collisions with neutral particles.
The plasmasphere model solves coupled equations of
continuity, momentum and energy balance along many
closed flux tubes concurrently. The orientation of
flux tubes is determined by eccentric dipole approximation
to the Earth's magnetic field. Each flux-tube is subject
to ExB drift.
Dr. Timothy Fuller-Rowell et al
- Fixed or time-dependent Hemispheric Power in gigawatts and Hemispheric Power Index (activity level) during the simulated time interval interpolated on 12 minute temporal grid. Data can be found at http://www.sec.noaa.gov/ftpdir/lists/hpi/
- Ionospheric electric fields:
At the present time the CTIP model is coupled with the Weimer ionosphere electrodynamics model which calculates ionospheric electric fields for solar wind parameters (density, solar wind velocity magnitude, IMF magnitude and clock angle) and Earth's dipole orientation provided as input on 12 minute temporal grid.
- Radio Flux 10.7 cm:
Data can be found at "ftp://ftp.ngdc.noaa.gov/STP/SOLAR_DATA/SOLAR_RADIO/FLUX/"
- For the selected time interval:
Runs on Request submission interface input is automatically downloaded.
ACE Level 2 solar wind data, Earth's dipole tilt angle, and NOAA/POES hemispheric power data is formatted for the CTIP model.
- Neutrals: The three components are wind vector, temperature,
the number density of
the three major species O, O2, N2, and mean molecular mass.
- Ions: H+, O+ densities and temperatures over height
range from 100 km to
10,000 km, plus N2+, O2+, N+ below 400 km. Height and number density of
ionospheric F2 peak.
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